What are Blepharitis and Meibomianitis? Blepharitis & Meibomianitis are common chronic disorders of the eyelid that are often associated with dry eye syndrome. Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelid margin. Meibomianitis is inflammation of the oil glands in the eyelid. Blepharitis and meibomianitis usually occur together. They are chronic conditions for which there is no cure. However, ongoing treatment can minimize the signs and symptoms of blepharitis and meibomianitis.

In people with blepharitis or meibomianitis, the oil glands in the eyelids do not function properly. As a result, the eyelids become inflamed and the normal bacteria that reside on the eyelashes proliferate. If left untreated, severe blepharitis or meibomianitis can lead to the development of styes, chalazia (chronic styes), or corneal ulcers caused by sensitivity to the staphylococcal bacteria found on the eyelid.
What are the symptoms of blepharitis or meibomianitis?

  • • Eyelid redness
  • • Burning
  • • Discomfort
  • • Foreign body sensation
  • • Watery eyes
  • • Discharge (mucous or sleep in the eyes             especially in the morning)
What are the causes of blepharitis or meibomianitis?

  • • Acne rosacea
  • • Dietary imbalance
  • • Inflammation
  • • Environment
  • • Idiopathic (unknown cause)
Prevention of blepharitis or meibomianitis:

  • • Enjoy a diet that is high in omega-3 fatty acids
  • • Apply warm compresses to your eyelids or         follow an eyelid hygiene regimen if advised by     your eye doctor
What is the current treatment for blepharitis or meibomianitis? There are different courses of treatment for blepharitis and meibomianitis, depending on the severity and type of eyelid disorder. Most treatment regimens include applying warm compresses to the upper and lower eyelids for up to five minutes at least once a day. This treatment is followed by eyelid hygiene that involves using a special product to cleanse the eyelid margins. These procedures help to control the build-up of oils and bacteria at the eyelid margins.
  • • Warm compresses to the eyelids
  • • Eyelid hygiene
  • • Artificial tears
  • • Anti-inflammatory eye drops or combination       anti-inflammatory-antibiotic eye drops (short       term therapy)
  • • Oral antibiotics (used for their anti-                     inflammatory properties)
  • • Omega-3 fatty acids in diet
    1. • Eat fish high in omega-3’s like wild   salmon, rainbow trout, sardines and   mackerel 3-4 portions per week
    2. • Take a high-quality omega-3   supplement
      1. • What to look for in a high-quality
           omega-3 supplement
        • • Natural triglyceride form   for maximal absorption
        • • Highly purified and   concentrated
        • • Consult with you   optometrist for correct   therapeutic dose for you
Research References: Calder, P. 2006. N-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation, and inflammatory diseases. Am J Clin Nutr83 (6): S1505-1519.
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